String Quartet No.12
September 14, 1968. Moscow. Small Hall of the Conservatoire. November 5, 1968. Leningrad. Small Hall of the Philharmonia. Performed by the Beethoven Quartet.
1969. Score, “Muzyka” Publishers, Moscow.
The hand-written score is in the personal archive of D. Tsyganov.
Dedication: “To Dmitrii Mikhailovich Tsyganov”
String Quartet No.12
This Shostakovich’s two-part quartet is longer in duration than some of his many-part symphonies. The composer, as it were, returns to the idea that was first embodied in an elementary and clear form in Two Pieces for String Octet (Prelude and Scherzo). In the most general form, the meaning of such a sequence is not difficult to understand as a transition from reflection to action, as a collision of opposing states with the final statement of energy and activity.
The quartet is dedicated to Dmitry Mikhailovich Tsyganov, with whom Shostakovich, in his own words, was associated with "long years of creative and human friendship." The performer of the first violin part in the Beethoven Quartet and one of its founders, D.M. Tsyganov, was also a member of the premieres of the Quintet and Trio by Shostakovich. Tsyganov also made widely known violin transcriptions of piano preludes of Shostakovich.
Quartet No. 12 was completed on March 11, 1968. Shostakovich showed a new quartet to the Beethovens on April 23, 1968. On June 14, the quartet was performed at the All-Union House of Composers. “At one time, Dmitry Dmitrievich promised that he would have 24 quartets, and all in different tones. I am happy that I played half of what was planned by the composer and will be even happier to get to know the second half, ”said D. Tsyganov after this performance.
The premiere of the quartet took place on September 14, 1968 in Moscow, in the Small Hall of the Conservatory.
- Beethoven Quartet: Tsyganov D.M., Zabavnikov N., Druzhinin F.S., Shirinsky S.P. 1969 // EMI 061-91298,
- Beethoven Quartet: Tsyganov D.M., Zabavnikov N., Druzhinin F.S., Shirinsky S.P. 1969 // Melodia C 01769-70, 1971
- Beethoven Quartet: Tsyganov D.M., Zabavnikov N., Druzhinin F.S., Shirinsky S.P. 1969 // Melodia D 025115-16, 1971
- Beethoven Quartet: Tsyganov D.M., Zabavnikov N., Druzhinin F.S., Shirinsky S.P. 1969 // Shinsekai SMK-7609, 1972
- Borodin Quartet: Kopelman M., Abramenkov A., Shebalin D.V., Berlinsky V.A. 1981 // Melodia C10-17375-6, 1982
- Borodin Quartet: Dubinsky R.D., Aleksandrov Y.P., Shebalin D.V., Berlinsky V.A. 1968 // Melodia SM 03223-4, 1972, 1978
- Borodin Quartet: Kopelman M., Abramenkov A., Shebalin D.V., Berlinsky V.A. 1981 // HMV Melodia EX 270339 E 2703441, 1986
- Brodsky Quartet: Thomas M., Belton I., Cassidy P., Thomas J. 1989 // TELDEC 9031-71702-2, 1990
- Fitzwilliam Quartet: C. Rowland, J. Spary, A. George, I. Davis. 1976 // LONDON 455 781-2 (Set 455 776-2), 1998
- Shostakovich Quartet: Shishlov A.A., Pishchugin S., Galkovsky A.V., Korchagin A.A. 1985 // OLYMPIA OCD 535, 1994
- Beethoven Quartet: Tsyganov D.M., Zabavnikov N., Druzhinin F.S., Shirinsky S.P. 1968 // CONSONANS 81-3008, 1995