Symphony No 11. Op. 103. Score.
Symphony, subtitled ‘The Year 1905’, for full orchestra in four linked movements.
Edited by Victor Ekimovsky. Explanatory Article by Levon Hakobian.
1. Palace Square Adagio attacca
2. Ninth of January Allegro—Adagio—Allegro—Adagio attacca
3. Eternal Memory Adagio attacca
4. The Toscin Allegro non troppo—Allegro—Moderato—Adagio—Allegro
The Eleventh Symphony is dedicated to the events of the first russian revolution of 1905. The symphony’s four movements convey the atmosphere of the storm brewing in St.Petersburg on the eve of the fatal day of 9 January 1905:
I. Palace Square—Adagio, the march of the deceived people on the Winter Palace and how they are fired upon by the Tsar’s troops.
II. Ninth of January—Allegro-Adagio-Allegro, mourning over those killed.
III. Eternal Memory—Adagio; and the revolutionary breakthrough, oath-taking over the graves of the victims, and confidence in imminent victory.
IV. The Tocsin—Allegro non troppo-Adagio-Allegro.
The symphony’s thematic material is based on popular songs of that time, most of them to music by anonymous authors, and two melodies from Shostakovich’s choral poem “Ninth of January” (No. 6 of the choral cycle a cappella on texts of Russian revolutionary poets, op. 88, 1951).
The finale of the symphony also features a melody from Georgy Sviridov’s operetta Ogon’ki (“Lights”, 1951).
Piccolo (= Flute III), 2 Flutes, 2 Oboes, Cor anglais (= Oboe III), 2 Clarinets (B flat and A), Bass Clarinet (= B flat Clarinet III), 2 Bassoons, Contrabassoon (= Bassoon III)
4 Horns, 3 Trumpets, 3 Trombones, Tuba
Timpani, Triangle, Side drum, Cymbals, Bass drum, Gong
Xylophone, Celesta, Orchestral bells
1st Violins (16–20), 2nd Violins (14–18), Violas (12–16), Cellos (10–14), Double-basses (10–12).
Approx. 57 min.
In the summer of 1957, at Komarovo village, Gulf of Finland, and completed on 4 August 1957. Written to mark the fortieth anniversary of the October Revolution.